Doctors Share The 3 Things That Help Prevent Dementia And Alzheimer’s

More than a decade ago, I watched my grandparents go through the late stages of dementia.

Watching two people I love change so dramatically before my eyes is something I’ll never forget.

I try to lead a healthy lifestyle, but what’s so scary about these memory conditions is it seems like they can strike anyone.

Lately, I’ve been looking for answers, trying to learn if there’s a proven way to stop or slow down conditions like dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

Tragically, treatments and “cures” for memory conditions are still a work in progress. And while some research is promising, the results for average people are years away.

Thankfully, doctors can say with some certainty that these three things will slow down the effects of dementia and Alzheimer’s.

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Don’t imagine you need to hit the gym, or look like a pro athlete to keep dementia at bay.

Research shows that even gentle, aerobic exercise – like walking for 30 minutes a day – does wonders for your brain.

Exercise increases blood flow, which sharpens your thinking skills. But it also releases chemical that slow down the brain’s aging process.

If you’re already getting a little exercise, going just a bit further, faster, or longer will pay off years from now.

But be sure to also use the next two techniques to fight memory conditions.

Doctors Say Women Are Ignoring These Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer Until It’s Too Late

We all like to think that we’re keeping on top of our health problems, but let’s be honest: it’s tough.

As we age, it gets harder and harder to keep track of every ache and pain, and we tend to chalk them up to getting older in general.

But a new study points out why we should keep a close eye on our bodies: a worrying number of women are ignoring deadly cancer symptoms until it’s too late.

Women are “risking their lives”

A British organization recently asked women how they would deal with consistent bloating.

More than half said they would change their diet, while only a third answered that they would visit a doctor.

That may sound like a reasonable reaction, but in fact it’s very dangerous.

The organization, Target Ovarian Cancer, says women are “risking their lives” with this kind of thinking, and explains that chronic bloating is a major symptom of the disease.

Zhou Nutrition

“Lives will be saved” if women learn these symptoms

Ovarian cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths in American women. But another study from Target Ovarian Cancer found only one in five women could identify symptoms of the disease.

“If women know ovarian cancer symptoms such as persistent bloating and are able to link them to ovarian cancer early on,” says the group’s chief executive Annwen Jones, “lives will be saved.”

It’s as simple as that.

One in 79 American women will develop ovarian cancer, so don’t put off learning the symptoms any longer. Keep reading to learn more about this deadly condition.

Never Ignore Thigh Pain: It Could Be A Sign Of These Serious Conditions

Doctors say that thigh pain is one of the most common complaints they hear from patients.

So it’s surprising how little most people know about the conditions and causes of this nagging, chronic pain.

Before we run though some of the typical causes for this pain, it’s important to learn the warning signs that show something serious is wrong with your leg.

If you pain is accompanied by any of these symptoms, or the pain is getting worse, you should see a doctor ASAP:

  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Numbness
  • Redness
  • A burning sensation
  • Fever

The simplest explanation for leg pain is your everyday habits, or your recent exercise routine. Sitting with bad posture for long periods of time, especially in tight clothing, is known to cause thigh pain.

Obviously if you’re doing intense exercise that works your legs – like sprinting – you might feel some pain from your tense muscles the next day.

These are the simplest causes for thigh pain, and they can be easily treated at home by getting some rest, elevating your legs, and massaging the muscles.

Making sure you stay hydrated and keep your electrolytes balanced is also important.

If these causes can’t explain your thigh pain, you should consider some of the more serious explanations.

Crossing your legs for hours is known to make everyday leg pain worse.Jill Chen

Many common causes of chronic thigh pain relate to being overweight, or an existing condition like diabetes.

A painful buildup of hard plaque called atherosclerosis is common in the thigh, and can be controlled with diet, exercise, and cholesterol medication.

Pressure on the nerves in your thighs, known as meralgia paresthetica, is also common in overweight patients. If you feel tingling or numbness in your thigh, it could be a sign of this condition.

Finally, sitting for a long period of time can cause a type of blood clot known as deep vein thrombosis. the condition is sometimes called “economy class syndrome,” because it tends to strike during long-haul airplane flights.

DVT can be deadly if blood clots travel through your body, so be on the lookout for painful swelling and warm, blue skin on your thigh.

But some conditions that cause thigh pain are even more dangerous.

9 Tips For Cleaning Out Your Medicine Cabinet That You Shouldn’t Ignore

So it’s something most of us neglect to do during our spring cleaning, but it’s more important than cleaning out your pantry or digging through your crawlspace.

The American Medical Association recommends that everyone cleans out their medicine cabinet once per year, but how do you decide what stays and what goes?

A 1980s study conducted by the Food and Drug Administration revealed that many pills remain effective years after their posted expiry date. But how can you be sure that the ones in your medicine cabinet are?

Here are some guidelines to help you make decisions about what you’re storing in your bathroom.

“In general, I would say many oral medications are safe to take a year or two beyond their marked expiration date,” says Sara Bingel, PharmD, clinical pharmacist at New York City’s Mount Sinai Hospital.

It’s safe to save pain relieving drugs, such as Tylenol, Advil and Aspirin, allergy medication, stomach pills like Tums and Zantac, as well as cold and flu pills past their posted expiry dates.

You will want to toss any antibotics, nitroglycerine (for chest pain), life-saving medication, anything that is suspended in liquid and children’s medication once it has reached its expiry date.

Expiry dates are more about the potency level of the drug. Over time drugs can change their potency level to either be strong, or weaker. Once it changes it’s potency level from the correct dosage, it is deemed as expired.

“How important is it that you need to get the right amount into your body?” says Michael J. Negrete, PharmD, CEO of the Pharmacy Foundation of California. “I might be willing to roll the dice with cough syrup. It’s no big deal if the potency is down and it doesn’t help my cough. But imagine an EpiPen, which keeps people from going into anaphylactic shock, not working.”

Exact changes is potency is not available because drug companies don’t want to spend the money to test for that.

“Let’s say it takes a year for a drug’s potency to decrease to 95%,” says Paul Langevin, MD, director of cardiac anesthesiology at Waterbury Hospital in Waterbury, Connecticut. “I can’t tell you six months later if it’s at 93% potency or at 33%. That data’s not available.”

At the end of the day, if you’re uncomfortable with guessing, go with the marked date on the box.

Where do you keep your boxes of allergy medication? It’s important to take note of where you’re storing your medication when deciding what to keep and what to toss. If you keep it in a cool, dark drawer it could last for years after its expiry date. In comparison, if your medicine cabinet is located in a humid bathroom it is more likely to degrade and not last as long.

You want to pay close attention to any liquid medication in your medicine cabinet. Gel capsules, liquids and any medication that is ‘suspended’ in a liquid is at risk of being contaminated with bacteria. Once those hit their expiry date, it’s time to toss them.

Sleep Talking: What It Means And How To Make It Stop

While snoring is easily the most annoying habit your sleeping partner can have, sleep talking definitely takes second place.

Not only can this strange condition mess with your beauty rest, it can also be downright creepy.

Valley Sleep Center

A recent study recorded a number of patients living with sleep talking (or “parasomnia”) during their midnight chats. The results were freaky: almost a quarter of the words used by sleep talkers were negative, and 22% were “nasty” or mean.

One sleep scientist guesses that people sleep talk about the things we’re afraid to mention during the day, but we’re still learning more about this condition all the time.

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=445LPK-_65M?feature=oembed]

To make things worse, it’s common for sleep talkers to use a “creepy,” unnatural voice, because they’re not conscious when they speak in their dreams.

If you’re losing sleep because your partner loves to gab into their pillow, don’t worry. We know enough about parasomnia to help you beat this condition.

Trapped In A Coma For 20 Years, Her First Words Stunned Her Parents

When Sarah Scantlin left a nightclub with her friends in 1985, it seemed like she had a bright future ahead of her.

Scantlin was a freshman at the local community college in Hutchinson, Kansas, where she had recently made the drill team. The college student had also landed a good job at a local clothing store, so she hit the town with her friends to celebrate.

Scantlin as a teenager.The Hutchinson News

But on the way back to her car, a drunk driver collided with Scantlin, knocking her into the path of another oncoming car.

The teenager was rushed to the hospital, but her condition was dire. Her skull had been crushed, her leg was twisted, and she quickly fell into a coma.

For the next two decades, all Scantlin could do was breathe on her own. Doctors warned her parents that Scantlin would probably communicate with them again.

The Hutchinson News

Eventually, Sarah’s family taught her to blink once for “no” and twice for “yes,” but her responses were so hesitant it was unclear if she even understood them.

Then one day, Scantlin’s parents got an incredible phone call from their daughter’s care home.

“Hi mom,” said a husky voice.

“Sarah, is that you?” Scantlin’s mother Betsy asked.

“Yes.”

“How are you doing?”

“Fine.”

“Do you need anything?” her mother asked.

“More makeup.”

“Did she just say more makeup?” Betsy asked incredulously.

That was just the beginning of Scantlin’s totally bizarre recovery.

The Latest Things Saving Lives In Third-World Countries Are Medicine-Delivering Robots

The key to any successful operation is good infrastructure, and nowhere is that more obvious than in the field of medicine. Where once upon a time there was no 24-hour number that you could call to get medical attention, now we have 911, which you don’t even have to stay on the line for someone to be sent to check on you.

North Adams

Not only that, but ambulances are ready and traveling around the clock to make sure they can get you to the ER as fast as possible, while pharmacies and doctor’s offices are readily-accessible in every major public area. In short, we’ve built up a pretty effective way of making sure you get the help you need before it’s too late.

Fetch On Demand

However, this is a privilege that plenty of other countries aren’t lucky enough to have. Infrastructure like that isn’t cheap, and as a result, there are tons of places worldwide where the demand for treatment and care outweigh the medical community’s ability to get it to them.

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Thankfully, a Silicon Valley robotics company has teamed up with the Rwandan Health Ministry to develop something that’s easing the problem in a big way: flying robots that can deliver medicine.

13 Ancient Medical Cures That Were Worse Than The Disease

Even in our modern times, a trip to the doctor’s office is nothing to look forward to. But as recently as a few hundred years ago, the treatments for the most common diseases were very primitive. Some painful, gross. and downright strange cures remained popular for thousands of years. Here are 13 of the worst ones:

1. Medicine made from dead people

Throughout the middle ages, European doctors relied on “mummy powder,” made from the crushed remains of actual Egyptian mummies, to treat some of life’s most common illnesses. There was also a belief that ground up bones could treat related parts of the body.

A jar of mummy powder and of human fat (for muscle cramps).Death Scent

Maybe England’s King charles II had headaches, because he regularly took “King’s Drops” made from crushed skull bones and alcohol. The idea was that a dead person’s spirit was the “active ingredient” in these cures.

2. Mercury

In case all of the warnings about fish and baby food haven’t gotten the message across, mercury is a highly toxic and poisonous element. But in ancient Greece, Persia, and China, taking mercury was believed to extend a person’s life.

Chinese alchemists claimed that drinking mercury granted immortality.China.ocn

China’s Emperor Qin Shi Huang actually died from ingesting mercury pills. But they kept on being used – especially to treat STDs – for thousands of years.

3. Cupping

Wikimedia

Cupping involved heating the edge of a glass or wooden cup with fire, then pressing it against a person’s skin – usually on their back. The idea is that the cup makes a vacuum that draws blood to the skin’s surface, but studies say this is mostly hogwash.

Cupping marks covered with makeup on Jennifer Aniston’s back.Hello!

Still, in countries like Iran and China, cupping has been used for thousands of years to treat a variety of conditions like muscle stiffness. Records reveal that this trendy treatment – used by celebrities and athletes like Michael Phelps – may date back to 3,000 B.C.

4. Farts

There are a lot of interesting facts about farts (such as “he who smelt it dealt it”) but they’re not known for being medicinal. But when the Black Death was terrorizing Europe doctors instructed their patients to collect their farts in a jar.

It looks like the patient doesn’t want to take their medicine.Neatorama

Explanations for the Bubonic plague mainly involved “evil vapors” that came from the bodies of sick people. Breathing in your own nasty vapors was supposed to keep you safe from the disease.

I guess these two should have collected more farts.History Today

To be fair, the plague wiped out as much as 60% of Europe’s population, so people were willing to try anything.

5. Snake oil

Before it became a term for any kind of fake medicine, actual oil made from vipers was widely used in Europe to treat rheumatism and skin diseases. The Chinese made their own snake oil from a specific breed of water snake.

Cures frost bites AND sore throat? What a bargain!WCCFTECH

When Chinese workers built America’s railroads, they treated their back pain with snake oil, which led to the term we still use today. Oddly, Chinese snake oil probably did work, because water snakes are full of anti-inflammatory acids.

6. Clysters

A clyster is am old-fashioned term for an enema. While these are still used to treat constipation today, throughout history clysters were applied as treatments for pretty much every condition imaginable. To make things worse, the water in the clyster was usually combined with something like coffee, pig brains or honey.

ONE of these is too much, forget about 2,000.Wikimedia

In 18th century France, clysters were a sign of good health, and more health-conscious nobles would have multiple clysters each day. King Louis XIV was said to have taken 2,000 clysters in his lifetime, so I assume he was very healthy.

The cures just get even weirder from now on…

What Your Poop Can Tell You About Your Health

After sitting on the toilet, the last thing you want to do is take a look at your handiwork before you flush.

But this gross habit is worth the discomfort, because it can help you identify some very serious health problems, or at least tell you when you should visit your doctor.

While we think of all poop as “number two,” there are actually seven different kinds of bowel movements, as described by the “Bristol Stool Scale.”

Doctors use this medical chart to identify a variety of medical conditions. The time your stool spends inside your colon and what happens while it’s there influence that shape of your bowel movements in very specific ways. Here’s what to look out for the next time you go to the washroom:

Type 1: Rabbit Poop

These are lumpy and tough, like nuts. Passing them involves lots of straining, and you’ll often feel like you haven’t “gotten everything out.” Allergy medications like Benadryl are also known to cause type one poop. They’re also common with women just after they give birth.

If you experience this very often it could be a sign of a scar or growth on our colon.

Type 2: Sausage Poop

This type is still hard and lumpy, and it can cause abdominal pain and be hard to pass. If you notice type two frequently you might just have a “slow bowel,” which is nothing to worry about.

Type one and two are both signs that you are constipated. Drinking more water and eating fibrous foods like fruit and veggies will help relieve constipation. So will cutting down on meat, potatoes and cheese.

Type 3: Healthy Poop

Described as looking like “a sausage with cracks on the surface,” you shouldn’t feel much discomfort while passing these.

Type 4: Snake Poop

Soft and smooth on the outside, but not broken apart, these are very similar to type three but mean you’re getting lots of fiber in your diet.

You should aim for a type three or four, because it shows that your diet is healthy and you have no major abdominal conditions to worry about.

Meanwhile, beware of the next three categories…

The Mystery Of The “Toxic Woman” Who Made Everyone Around Her Sick

Since her death in 1994, Gloria Ramirez has inspired episodes of hit TV shows like The X-Files, Grey’s Anatomy and Law and Order, and has become an urban legend in her own right.

The season three episode “Wishin’ and Hopin'” of ‘Grey’s Anatomy’ was inspired by Gloria Ramirez.Blumhouse

While Ramirez was a mild-mannered housewife and elementary school volunteer from Riverside, California, the mother-of-two’s mysterious death has puzzled scientists and investigators for years. Even today, experts can only guess what caused the “toxic woman” to make everyone around her fall ill.

Ramirez was suffering from the late stages of cervical cancer when she was brought in to the emergency room of Riverside General Hospital. Struggling to breathe and suffering from heart failure, Ramirez was given oxygen and her heart was shocked using a defibrillator.

Around this time the ER staff noticed something strange was happening. Ramirez’s body was very oily, and was giving off a smell like fruit or garlic. A nurse drew blood from Ramirez’s arm, and staff noticed yellow-orange particles floating in the tube. A doctor also said the sample smelled like ammonia.

Then, hospital staff started to fall ill. The nurse who drew Ramirez’s blood passed out, and others became so nauseous they had to leave the room. The ER was eventually evacuated, and only a small crew stayed inside to treat Ramirez. In total 23 hospital workers fell ill, and five had to be hospitalized.

Ramirez died from kidney failure just 45 minutes after arriving in the ER, but her mystery didn’t end there…

It Took 20 Years, But Now A Simple Invention Is Saving The Lives of Babies

The first night on the job, working in the pediatric department, he watched three children die right before his eyes. That night he made a promise to do something to stop children from dying of pneumonia.

Dr. Mohammod Jobayer Chisti vowed to change the world of medicine that night in 1996, and he has done it.

About 920,000 babies and small children pass away each year from pneumonia in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. After two decades of research, the father-of-three has come up with a low-cost device that has the potential to save thousands of babies’ lives.

BBC

Pneumonia is a illness that affects the lungs after infections from bacteria or a virus. The lungs become swollen and fill with fluid which reduces the patient’s ability to breathe.

In developed countries hospitals use ventilators to help people suffering from pneumonia to breathe. Each machine, however, costs up to $15,000 and must have specially-trained staff operate the ventilator. This makes them too expensive for some hospitals in some developing countries.

The World Health Organization recommends a lower-cost alternative of using a low-flow oxygen machine, but it still results in one in seven children dying.

While Dr. Christi was working in Melbourne, Australia, he got inspiration for a better solution that would save more lives.

Rabies Is Supposed To Be A Death Sentence, But An Experimental Procedure Saved Her Life

With modern medicine, there are very few diseases that still strike fear into our hearts the way rabies does.

It’s not the world’s deadliest disease, or even very common, but for decades it was common knowledge that if you had rabies, your days were numbered. Rabies is a virus that attacks your brain, stopping your body from swallowing, or your mind from regulating your heartbeat and breathing.

Before symptoms set in (which usually takes less than a week) you can take five rabies vaccines which increase your chance of surviving the disease. They contain dead samples of the rabies virus, which helps your body fight the disease by building antibodies.

But once a patient develops the early symptoms, there’s not much a doctor can do. Even now, researchers haven’t found the “magic bullet” to effectively treat rabies. In some countries, patients suffering from the virus are simply comforted until they pass away, or even sent home to die.

So you can appreciate how scared 15-year-old Jenna Giese was when she realized she had caught the virus. Incredibly, Jenna survived to become the first person who outlived the rabies virus. But it wasn’t easy…

Was Benjamin Franklin A Serial Killer? 1200 Human Bones Discovered In A Pit In His Basement

In 1998, renovators made a shocking and grizzly discovery when they smashed through the concrete floor of Benjamin Franklin’s former home in London, England.

It was a routine renovation that involved repairs to the inventor’s home on 36 Craven Street. But when conservationists and renovators took a peek under the floor the were shocked by what they discovered…

Benjamin Franklin House, 36 Craven StreetTimeout