Kidney stones are one of the most painful things to deal with. There are multiple types of kidney stones you could be suffering from, such as:
- Calcium Stones: calcium that builds up and forms crystals in your urine and can’t be dissolved.
- Struvite Stones: these form in response to an infection, like a UTI, and can grow quickly with no warning.
- Uric Acid Stones: if you don’t drink enough water (or lose too much fluid), eat a high-protein diet, or have gout, you can have a build up of uric acid which will cause stones.
- Cystine Stones: form from a genetic disorder in which your kidneys excrete too much of certain amino acids.
Your diet, family history, weight, and dehydration can all increase your risk of kidney stones. That’s why it’s important to know the symptoms so they can be treated early.
Kidney stones can lay dormant for a while, and you generally don’t notice them until they start moving in your kidney and make their way to your ureter, the tube connecting your kidney and bladder. When that happens, you may start to experience these signs and symptoms:
- severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
- pain in your lower abdomen or groin
- pain when peeing
- pink, red, or brown urine
- foul-smelling or cloudy urine
- nausea and vomiting
- persistent need to urinate
- fever and chills if there’s an infection
- urinating small amounts
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience:
- Pain so severe that you can’t sit still or find a comfortable position
- Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
- Pain accompanied by fever and chills
- Blood in your urine
- Difficulty passing urine
Treating kidney stones is fairly easy, but if they get large you could be due for legitimate treatment.